GLOSSARY

 

                                                                        22 July 2005

 

A  

Feminine ‘the’ in Gallego (= ‘La’)

A rapa das bestas

The round-up of wild horses for mane and tail docking

Al paso

On foot

Alameda

Promenade. In Pontevedra,  it is opposite the town hall. And is the site of the August fairground

Albariño                           

The grape which gives the (white) wine its name

Altas                                    

High(er)

Amandi

A very pleasant red wine from the Ribera Sagrada area, east of Ourense

Arribada de Carabela Pinta

Arrival of the ‘Pinta’ galleon [Columbus’ ship]

Autopista 

Motorway/freeway, with charges

Autovia

Motorway/freeway, free

Ayuntamiento

The town hall. In Pontevedra it's in Praza España

Bajas

Low(er)

Balneario

A town with thermal baths

Baroque

‘Florid style of late Renaissance architecture, common in the 18th century’

Barrio

Quarter. Suburb.

Biblioteca

Library

Bodega

Inn, wine cellar

Bruxa

Bruja. Witch

Cañon

Canyon

Carnaval

Carnival

Carretera

Road

Casa

House

Casco antiguo

The old quarter

Castro

Fortified village, normally on a hill top

Centro comercial

Shopping mall

Churrasco

Grilled/barbecued dishes

Churrasquería

A restaurant specialising in churrasco

Corrida

Set of 6 bullfights, usually from 7 to 9pm

Costa da morte

Costa de la muerte. The coast of death

Dolmen

French name for ‘cromlech’ – flat stones on upright stones. Prehistoric

Dos giras

Two tours

Entierro de Ravachol

The burning and burial of Ravachol – a large effigy of a parrot. Don’t ask.

Estrada

Road, in Galician

Eventos

Events

Fado 

Exceptionally lugubrious Portuguese music. Ubiquitous in northern Portugal

Farmacia

Pharmacy, Chemists

                            
Feria                                       Feira. Fair or exhibition [ground]
Galiza                                     Galicia
Gaita                                      Galician bagpipe
Galer
ías                                  Balconies framed by windows, for sitting in during the rain
Gothic                                    12-15th century architecture of western Europe. Main feature is pointed arches.
Gu
ía                                       Guide
Hórreo                                   The little grain stores on legs that look like tiny chapels. The rings at the top of the
                                               legs are to stop rodents climbing up
Meiga                                     Witch.
Mercado                                 Market
Mirador                                  Look-out point
Mosteiro                                 Monastero. Monastery
Movida                                   The (nocturnal) ‘action’
Municipal                                Municipal!
Neoclassical                            Late 18th to mid 19th century. Based on Roman and Greek architectural styles
O                                            Masculine ‘the’ in Gallego (= ‘El’)
Pa
ís                                        ‘Country’. Any wine given this title should be approached with great caution. And a strong
                                                    throat.
Parador                                   Mansion. Usually old. Now one of the government’s imposing hotel chain
Parque                                     Park
Pasado                                    ‘Walking’
Pazo                                        Mansion
Peña                                        A group of (heavily drinking) bullfight fans. Or opponents.
Peregrina                                 Pilgrim, wanderer
Petroglifo                                 Petroglyph. Rock carving
Platteresque                             Like silverwork. ‘Plata’ is Spanish for silver
Playa fluvial                              Beach along the bank of a river
P
órtico                                     Gateway
Praia                                        Playa. Beach
Praza                                       Plaza. Square
Recinto ferial                            Fair/exhibition grounds
R
ía                                           Estuary/fjord/forth
Rias baixas                               Rias bajas. The ‘lower estuaries of the NW coast, near Vigo and Pontevedra. Pronounced
                                                     ‘ree-ass bye-shass’ and ‘ree-ass ba-hass’
Ribeiro                                     The grape which gives its  name to this white wine from the Ourense area
Río                                           River
Romanesque                             Built in the Roman style that predominated before the Gothic period began in the mid-12th
                                                       century. Thick walls, simple vaults.
Romería                                    Religious procession - usually of the Virgin Mary; often down to the sea
Ruta                                          Route
Sanxenxo                                  Sanjenjo. Pronounced ‘sanshensho’ and ‘sankhenkho’
Tres Reyes Magos                    The Three Kings/Wise Men. The feast of the Epiphany on 6 Jan.
Turismo                                     The local tourist information office
Viaxa                                        ‘Viaje’. Tour, trip, voyage
Virxen                                       Virgen. Virgin
Xacobeo/a                                 Jacobeo/a. Associated with Saint Jacob/Sant Iago
Xunta                                        Junta. Ruling body
Zona monumental                      Zone of monuments. The old quarter